Almost 44 percent of the population In the Horn of Africa live in areas prone to extreme food shortages. These areas have been experiencing extreme drought conditions and harsh weather conditions during the last few decades leading to water scarcity issues and challenges in having sufficient food produce. The condition is caused by several factors e.g., climate change, lack of successful local agriculture within the regions, and also an inability or disinterest to act by local officials. The situation has been further complicated by an ineffective and disorganized international response to the calamity. The causes of food insecurity vary from country to country but face similar troubles brought on by natural elements. There are many examples of food insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa, some of them having reached catastrophic dimensions.