Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries

Monitoring services in Somaliland, Puntland, and Somalia
FAO Somalia had developed various proven approaches and tools for M&E for compliance with standards results, measurement and impact assessment. Impact assessment adopted a combined approach that utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods. A sample survey was conducted to collect quantitative data from beneficiaries that were used to measure the direct impact of the interventions on beneficiaries on the household food and nutrition security as well as the impact on the livelihoods, while a rapid rural assessment (RRA) exercise was designed and administered to collect and analyse qualitative information.
HACOF was contracted to conduct monitoring whose objective was to delivery of key outputs and services as well as assessing the impact of the programme on the target beneficiaries. The TPM services served two projects, ‘Sustained Cash Assistance to Prevent Famine and Respond to Drought in Rural Somalia (OSRO/SOM/809/USA) and ‘Addressing Acute Food Insecurity in Rural Areas of Somalia (OSRO/SOM/902/USA).
The M&E activity includes data collection from beneficiary, household and community levels using both quantitative and qualitative methods in line with activities included the project document. These assessments and data collection tasks will mainly cover the below activities of FAO program:
  • Monitoring and assessment of cash-based interventions
  • Monitoring of water trucking for livestock
  • Vaccination and emergency treatment
  • Fodder and drought tolerant seeds provision and production
  • Bee keeping by households for diversification of income sources
  • Agriculture Input Distribution
  • Training in livestock emergency guidelines and standards
  • Crop Yield assessment, including Crop cutting
  • Fisheries registration & inputs distribution
  • Training and capacity development of all stakeholders
  • Impact assessment using standardized tools for above FAO activities
  • Resilience impact measurement and analysis surveys
  • Compliance verification and assessment missions to assess compliance with standards and risk mitigation measures of FAO Somalia once red flags are raised or as well as regular monitoring.
Camel Leasing/USAID Funded Project
The project was exploring in more detail the benefits of camel leasing to pastoral household; learn more about the incentives of, and benefits to, dairy companies; and identify any unintended positive or negative consequences of camel leasing for pastoral households and communities. For a period of 24months, both quantitative and qualitative research were conducted to gain insight into illustrative research questions as follows:
  • What impact does camel leasing have on the welfare and resilience capacities of pastoral households and communities?
  • What is the ‘’business case’’ for the camel leasing model for dairy companies?
  • To what extent do Somali social networks influence the camel leasing model?
Assessment of the Local Economic development component of the joint Program on local governance
The Local Economic Development (LED) component of the joint Programme on Local Governance (JPLG) is designed to build the capacities of the local governments on economic development and engage the private sector in local governance and service delivery and contributes to outcome three of the programme. The assessment was conducted to inform the key actors on the effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of the LED approach that is being implemented and recommend how best LED fits into JPLG program goals.
Review the existing LED planning, implementation and management framework which is in practice, as well as its effectiveness and efficiency.
  • Review and analyse the LED planning process and provide recommendations vis a vis PEM
  • Review the local LED Strategies which have been developed and being implemented in the districts
  • Review the existing financing system/strategies and procedures being followed for LED as well as its effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability
  • Assess the completed and on-going activities, relating to capacity development for creating enabling environment, jobs creation, increasing investments and revenue generation, as well as overall stimulating local economies and reducing poverty
  • Assess the institutional relationship, arrangement and management of the intervention in terms of ensuring accountability, equity and sustainability
  • Assess the overall LED approach, in light of improving gender equality and enhancing women empowerment
  • Assess the linkage and contribution of the LED approach to the outcome of the JPLG programme
USAID/GEEL Annual Outcome Survey
Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods (GEEL) was 5-year USAID-funded project designed to promote and facilitate inclusive economic growth in Somaliland, Puntland and other existing and emerging federal states. The project focused on the agricultural sector, fisheries and renewable energy. It also sought to strengthen the business-enabling environment through improving access to finance, policy and regulation, and business development services. Focus was given to increase the participation of women and youth in the economy as entrepreneurs, employers, and employees.
HACOF was contracted to conduct the annual outcome surveys.
Promoting Inclusive Market in Somalia (PIMS)
Promoting Inclusive Market in Somalia (PIMS) program over the last three years has been working in the dairy sector (Somaliland and Puntland), sesame sector (Shabelle Valley) and fisheries sector (Puntland) to deliver long term solutions through implementing partners (lead firms) to address the bottle necks that hinder the optimal functioning of these value chains.
Alongside the value chain development aspects, PIMS programme rehabilitated key infrastructure assets including irrigation canals in Jowhar region, grazing land areas in Burao (Somaliland) and milk feeder roads in Somaliland and Puntland regions. The infrastructure assets were strategically selected to contribute to the desired market development outcomes e.g., opening more farmland for irrigation, reduction of post-harvest losses because of reduced transit time from farm gates to markets among others.